воскресенье, 12 октября 2014 г.

77. Tawa-tawa - a herb to treat Dengue fever


           Euphorbia hirta/ Dugadhika/ Asthma Weed/ Bearing spurge/ Snakeweed

         It is commonly called as Amman Pachirisi in Tamil, snake weed, asthma weed, Tawa-tawa, etc. In Philippines, this herb is known as tawa-tawa and used to treat Dengue fever. The herb grows widely in tropical countries like Australia and widely found in India. The herb is a native to India. It is often found as a weed growing in neglected areas around the house. Many people do not recognize it and do not know its medicinal benefits and hence weed it out.  The herb is full of milky latex and hence one should be careful when plucking it. The specialty of the herb is that it bears flowers and fruits in all seasons and throughout the year and grows in damp regions. It grows heavily during rainy season.

In the test tube, Euphorbia hirta has been shown to kill various types of pathogenic bacteria, Helicobacter pylori (albeit weakly), and Plasmodium (potently).

Tawa-tawa has been claimed to have a curative effects on dengue patients, based on personal testimonies, particularly in the Philippines. Despite its widespread use, there is no evidence to support this claim. Still Euphorbia Hirta has been known to keep the body temperature under control and helps to keep the body cool. It cures the thirsty feeling often faced by people and increases body resistance. It also keeps the body strong.

Tawa-tawa Tea from fewer:
In preparing tawa-tawa tea, 100 grams of the fresh whole plant (including roots) are washed and boiled in half a liter (500 ml) of water for 15 minutes. After cooling and paper-filtration, the decoction is taken by the patient at one glass every hour until the fever subsides.


Medical indications:
Traditionally this herb is used to treat female disorders, respiratory ailments (cough, coryza, bronchitis, and asthma), worm infestations in children, dysentery, jaundice, pimples, gonorrhoea, digestive problems, and tumours.


Skin infections

If you have skin infections like rashes, warts, swellings or Molluscum, take the milky extract of the herb and apply it over the affected area. The skin gets cured very soon. If you have sore eye, apply the latex on the eyelids below the eyes. The problem gets cured soon. Applying around the wart results in its fall when applied for a week. If you have cracked lips, take the milky latex of the plant and apply it on the lips. The lips get cured very soon.


Leucorrhoea

Some women are often faced with the problem of white discharge. For such people, take the leaves of the herb, grind it till it becomes a paste and drink it along with butter milk or a cup of milk. The problem gets cured.


Euphorbia Hirta or Snake Weed for Dengue

The herb has the potential to cure dengue. But it has not been recognized officially as a medicine to cure dengue. It has been found that medicines are prepared using the extract of the herb and sold as medicines for curing dengue. Though relying on this herb alone is not recommended, it is better to consume this herb along with your regular medicines. This hastens your healing process.


Procedures in making Tawa-tawa tea for Dengue treatment:

  • Take 5 to 6 full whole Tawa-Tawa plant
  • Cut of  the roots
  • Wash  thoroughly
  • Fill a boiling pot with 1 liiter of clear water
  • Boil the Tawa-Tawa for 1 (one) minute in slow rolling boil
  • Cool
  • Let the Dengue victim drink  only the Tawa-Tawa water for 24 hours
  • Slip 1 to 1.5 glasses of Tawa-Tawa water for every hour

Tip: to lessen the bitter taste of Tawa-tawa , add a little brown sugar


Gastrointestinal disorders

The herb is widely used in treating a wide range of gastrointestinal disorders. If you are having Diarrhea, consuming a decoction of the herb cures you of the disease. Similarly consuming it kills the intestinal parasites.


Respiratory problems

Tawa tawa or amman pachirisi has the potential to cure various respiratory disorders like asthma and bronchitis.


Increased milk for lactating mothers

When decoction of the herb is consumed, mothers get benefited by increased production of milk.


Mouth infection

If your mouth gets infected with fungus resulting in whitish patches (thrush), gargle your mouth with decoction of the herb 2 times a day. You get recovered soon.


Family planning

The herb is very effective in reducing the sperm mobility and density. Consuming it regularly results in infertility. You need to discontinue consuming it for about 10 days so that you become fertile again.


Snake root for snake bites

Another name of the herb is snake root. The decoction of the herb when consumed kills the germs and expels the toxic agents from the body. Often, the juice of the crushed leaves is applied over the affected skin area to heal the infection in a fast manner.

Precautions:


  • Pregnant women should not consume the herb, since it induces miscarriage.
  • Men who want to bear babies should not consume it, since it makes you infertile.
  • Do not consume more than the prescribed amount, since it induces vomiting

There are many other traditional uses of E. hirta in Ayurveda which serves as the basis for further studies. This review will definitely help the researchers to know its different properties.

четверг, 28 августа 2014 г.

76. Chironji seeds - useful in GU problems like gleet

    Buchanania lanzan/ Almondette tree/ Buchanan’s Mango/ Cheronjee, Chiraunji/ Priyala, Piyala, Piyar 

      Buchanania lanzan is popular with its local name Chironji. This tree grows about 50 feet tall, and is commonly found in dry deciduous forests throughout India, up to an altitude of 900 metre. It has a dark grey crocodile bark with red blaze. Fruits are black, sweetish drupes.   The tiny almond-flavoured dried seeds are known as charoli (Hindi: चारोली; chironji or chiraunji, चिरौन्जी). 


These seeds are used as a cooking spice primarily in India. After the hard shell is cracked, the stubby seed within is as soft as a pine nut. The charoli seed is lentil-sized, is slightly flattened and has an almond-like flavour. Though they can be eaten and used raw they are often toasted or roasted before use, as this intensifies the flavour.  They are commonly used in sweets in India. However, they are also ground into powders for thickening savory sauces and flavoring batters, and stewed into rich, meaty kormas. In India a traditional sweet dish called " Chironji Ki Barfi" is made from these seeds and is especially given to newly wed couples.

Often used as a substitute for almonds, Chironji is an almond-flavored nut with blood purifying and life force enhancing qualities. Called as Charoli or Chironji in Ayurveda, these dried modest seeds have been in use in the Ayurvedic medicine for treating digestive disorders like diarrhea, ulcers and irregular bowel movements. It was also recommended to enhance the secretion of semen, increase vigor and vitality, reduce fever, clear acne, skin blemishes, cold and blood disorders. Chironji oil is extracted from the dried seeds by steam distillation method and is scientifically called as Buchanania lanzan.

All the parts of the charoli tree are used in traditional Indian medicine. The fruit, roots, leaves, seeds, gum and oil are used in different ways to treat a variety of health issues. Charoli seeds are used in the Ayurveda and Unani systems of medicine.

Health Benefits Of Chironji:

·        The juice of the leaves is used in digestion problems, as an expectorant, a purgative and also as an aphrodisiac. Powdered or crushed leaves are applied to wounds. Leaves are used in the treatment of skin diseases. Chironji leaves act as a tonic, relieve fatigue and tiredness and have cardiotonic properties as well.

·        Charoli seeds are cooling and are used to remove burning sensation from the body. The seeds also act as a tonic to the brain and are useful in many genito-urinary problems like gleet etc.

·        The edible seed kernels of chironji contain a pleasant, slightly acidic flavour, and are eaten raw or roasted. The seed kernel and bark of Priyala is used in the form of decoction to treat intrinsic haemorrhage, diarrhoea with blood and as tonic. Kernels of the priyala made into a powder and used with milk as an aphrodisiac, in case of fever and burning sensation. An ointment made from the kernels is used to relieve itch and prickly heat, and also to remove facial blemishes and other skin related problems. A face pack made with the seeds and milk brings a glow to the face.

·        The seeds yield an oil that is comparable to olive and almond oil in their medicinal properties and is also substituted for these oils in the pharmaceutical products. It is often used to reduce glandular swellings of the neck.

·        The bark yields tannin which is used in the leather industry, in clarification of wine and beer, in pharmaceutical industry etc. The presence of alkaloids, saponins and reducing sugars is also reported. Powder of the bark mixed with honey is useful in dysentery with blood.

·        The gum oozed from the cut bark is used to treat diarrhoea. This gum is mixed with goat`s milk for effective and curative results in intercostal pains. The tribal inhabitants of southern Bihar blend the powder of the stem bark and Syzygium cumini (Mvrtaceae) together and the powder is given to treat infantile diarrhoea. To treat rheumatic pains, the inhabitants of Andhra Pradesh consume a blend of the gum dissolved in cow`s milk.

·        The fruits are used in treating cough and asthma.

·        The roots are acrid, astringent, cooling, depurative and constipating, and are useful in treatment of diarrhoea. The extract of the roots is used as an expectorant, to treat blood infections and correct digestive disorders caused by liver or gall bladder dysfunctioning.

·        The gum  (stem exudate) is used to treat diarrhea and also chest pain related to the parietal nerves. The gum is dissolved in cow's milk and used to treat rheumatic pains.

More uses:

Grown up child who has left the breast-milk should be given sweet bolus prepared of priyala (kernels), madhuka (Glycyrrhiza glabra -) honey, parched paddy and sugar candy. It acts as saturating and tonic (AH.U.139)

Ayurvedic properties:
Plant pacifies vitiated Pitta and Kapha 
Rasa: Tikta, Kashaya
Guna: Lakhu.
Virya: Ushna

Useful part:   Bark, Seed kernel, Fruit, Leaves
Dosage: Stem bark: 5–10 g


You can also read more useful & interesting info about Indian Sacred healing Trees:

God Blessed Nature...




воскресенье, 3 августа 2014 г.

75. Indian Almond - improves memory and weakness of the brain

Terminalia catappa is a large tropical tree in the leadwood tree family, Combretaceae, that grows mainly in the tropical regions of Asia, Africa, and Australia. It is known by the common names Bengal almond, country almond, Indian almond, Malabar almond/ Jangli badam, Bangla badam/ Ketapang. Also known as the Sea Almond or Tropical Almond, this Almond tree is among one of the most common trees throughout India, Malaysia and many other parts of SE Asia, growing wild as well as cultivated for its striking features as well as its tasty nut.

This tree has a characteristic pagoda shape because it sends out a single stem from the top centre. When the single stem reaches a good height, it sends out several horizontal branches. It can get very large reaching 30m in ideal conditions. Indian almonds bear fruit during the winter months in India.

The fruits are almond-shaped and green turning brown to purple when ripe. The fibrous shell surrounds an edible nut. This shell helps the fruit to float as the seed is dispersed by water. The nuts are edible, taste very much like almonds although it can be a challenge to remove the flesh from the hard stone. Unlike the commercial almond, the Sea Almond can be eaten raw. Oil extracted from the dried nuts is edible and used in cooking (South America).

Indian almonds have a nutty taste similar to almonds thanks to its oil content, and are considered important foodstuff in Vanatu. Villagers sometimes eat the aromatic fleshy fruit, though the taste is not particularly pleasant or noteworthy. Sometimes the fruit tastes sweet; other times bitter. The ever-resourceful Filipinos occasionally make wine from the fruits.
Some Indian almonds can be cracked opened with the teeth. Others require cracking open with a knife or hitting with a stone. Extraction is a cumbersome process, but the nut requires no additional processing in order to consume.

                      Terminalia catappa fruits at various stages of ripeness

Fresh nuts grow moldy at room temperature in a day or two. Preserve the life of the nuts up to a year by roasting them.

Health Benefits of Indian Almond:

Some of these traditional remedies have been affirmed by scientific studies as well.
According to the book, “The Encyclopedia of Fruit and Nuts”:
the leaf extract from Indian almonds have been used traditionally to sickle cell anemia and boost liver function. Additionally, the oil from the leaves treat skin problems when applied as a salve. The seeds are believed to treat liver cancer and act as an aphrodisiac. The dried root has been used for their effective antimicrobial activities against e-coli and staph outbreaks.

According to a study in “The Indian Journal of Pharmacology and Therapeutics”:
The leaf extract exhibited potent anti-diabetic effects.

A study published in the “Indian Journal of Pharmacology” reveals that fruit extracts had antitumor activities on fibrosarcoma induced rats.

The “Journal of Nutritional Science Vitaminology” states that leaf extracts suppressed bone weight loss in ovariectomized mice.

A study published in “Food and Chemical Toxicology” affirmed that Indian almond leaves may be a potent chemopreventative agent against types of oral cancer. Other studies from the same publication reveal benefits against lung cancer as well.

According to a study published in the “International Journal of Pharmacology,” ethanol leaf extracts displayed analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities.

Almonds are considered to be the healthiest and most nutritious nuts of all. Almonds have a vast number of health benefits and these beneficial properties are used via various forms like almond oil, almond paste or whole almonds. Here are all the health benefits of almonds that you should know about:

- Almonds provide you with brain power as they contain many essential nutrients, which can actually help you improve the way you think!


- They are great for the skin. If you add almond oil or almond milk to your skincare regime, it will make your skin softer, more supple and flawless. You can also massage almond oil into your skin.

- Almonds contain minerals like potassium, folic acid, protein, monosaturated fats and vitamin E. One ounce of almonds contains 35 percent of the daily intake of vitamin E. Vitamin E is believed to protect the body’s cells from cancer, heart disease, and aging. Hence eating them can significantly reduce your chances of heart diseases.

- If you are in the habit of consuming cups of coffee and energy drinks to get a boost of energy, try eating almonds instead!
Riboflavin, copper and manganese in the nuts will give you stamina.

- Like blueberries and pomegranates, almonds are superfoods that can help reduce weight significantly. Drink unsweetened almond milk for faster weight loss.

- Almonds regulate your blood pressure because they are high in potassium and low in sodium. They also help in keeping your cholesterol levels in check.

- Studies carried out by the American Institute for Cancer Research and the World Cancer Research Fund have revealed that almonds had several substances as their chemical constituents which could be useful in the prevention of cancer.
 
Uses of almond oil:
Indians believe that use of almond oil has following benefits:
·  Strengthens brain and nerves, is a nutrient,
· Relieves tension
· Strengthens brain power
· Good for heart
·  Keeps body warm in winter
· Nourishes skin
· Prenatal and postnatal care
·  Helps build stronger bones as it contains higher content of Ca, Fe and P
· Good for infants
·  Improves body strength and removes constipation in a natural way:

                              How to use almonds for a good health?


          People use almonds in different ways in India as a remedy for following ailments:
 
Improves memory and weakness of the brain if:
1. 5-10 ml of almond oil is mixed with 250 ml of milk at night and consumed.
2. Soak 10 pieces of almond nuts overnight in water and Remove the hard covering in morning and grind with 10 g butter and sugar and eat for one or two months.
3. Alternately 5-6 pieces of almonds are ground with 10 g sugar and Saumf and taken with hot milk in night.
4. Almond oil can also be applied on the forehead.
 Improvement in eye-sight:
·Make a paste of 5 almonds with water in night and use it with warm milk in the morning
· Also heals the spots caused due to small pox
Dry lips:
·Intake of 5 grains of almonds
Dry cough:
Almonds are excellent for dry coughs. Soak about seven almonds in water and keep them overnight.
Next morning peel off the brown skin. Now grind them to form a powder and add twenty grams each of butter and sugar and form a paste. Consume it twice a day, once in the morning and the second time inthe evening.

·Grind 5 pieces of almonds and make a paste with sugar. It will remove cough

Increase in weight:

·Soak overnight 12 almonds in water and grind in morning after removing scalp. Make sandwich with bread butter and sugar and drink a glass of water for six months

Stammering:

·Eating with butter or black pepper corrects speech problems. Eat 10-12 almonds, the equivalent of two aspirins, for a migraine headache. Almonds are far less likely to upset the stomach.

Almond milk is the most useful health tonic. It should be prepared by grinding the blanched almonds with milk, adding some more milk and little sugar to it. Almond fat is in an unsaturated form. Besides, it has also 11 gms of a fatty acid (linolenic acid) in 100 gms of almonds. Thus, almonds help to lower serum cholesterol level.
Almonds help to raise haemoglobin, form new blood cells, and enable liver, heart, brain and nerves to perform their respective functions normally. It prolongs life, tones up and energises muscle function, energises brain power and strengthens health. Take equal quantities of raisins, almonds and roasted black grams. If 50- 100 gms of this recipe is taken with milk, it will meet all food requirements of body and brain.
Almond is laxative, removes skin disorders, respiratory problems, rejuvenates sexual power and system, does away with constipation but, for all such or any other disorder or to derive tonic effect, only sweet almond should be used, but not the bitter variety.

For healthy skin - Mix equal quantity rose petal's paste, almond paste (of blanched almonds) and milk cream. If applied daily over face, it will beautify the face, by nourishing the skin, it will also provide glow, softness and lustrous look to skin, remove wrinkles, black-heads, pimples, dryness of skin and retard pre-mature aging effects on face.

To remove constipation - Mix half teaspoonful of almond oil to hot milk but, those who have sensitive stomachs should not use the oil, in stead they can chew the almonds (blanched) to be followed by hot milk drink. Almond oil with rose water can be applied to face for facial tenderness.

For relief in asthma, bronchitis and whooping cough - Mix ten to fifteen drops each of ginger and lemon juices to a spoonful of almond oil and take for 10-15 days at a stretch once or twice a day, depending on severity of the symptoms.

In pregnancy - Almonds being highly nutritive are an ideal source of energy for pregnant women. For best results, soak almonds in milk, add a pinch of saffron and drink the tasty preparation everyday for nourishment both to the mother and the to-be child.

To increase vitality - Almonds in milk also increase libido and enhance general sexual performance in cases of frigidity too.

As a brain tonic - Almond is popular for its property as a nerve tonic. Rich in nourishment and essential fats, almonds serve to enhance memory and intelligence. Soak 4-6 almonds in water and eat after removing the kernel.

As a body coolant - Badam kheer is a well known preparation made by grinding almonds and mixing in milk. This cools the body apart from relieving brain exhaustion and improving functioning.




 

четверг, 19 июня 2014 г.

74. Sacred Ficus - a thousand years medicinal treasure

       Ficus  is a genus of about 850 species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes and hemiepiphytes in the family Moraceae. Collectively known as fig trees or figs, they are native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone. 
The Common Fig (F. carica) is a temperate species native to southwest Asia and the Mediterranean region (from Afghanistan to Portugal), which has been widely cultivated from ancient times for its fruit, also referred to as figs. The fruit of most other species are also edible though they are usually of only local economic importance or eaten as bushfood. However, they are extremely important food resources for wildlife. Figs are also of considerable cultural importance throughout the tropics, both as objects of worship and for their many practical uses.
Fig trees have profoundly influenced culture through several religious traditions. Among the more famous species are the Sacred Fig tree (Pipal, Bodhi, Bo, or Po, Ficus religiosa) and the Banyan Fig (Ficus benghalensis). The oldest living plant of known planting date is a Ficus religiosa tree known as the Sri Maha Bodhi planted in the temple at Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka by King Tissa in 288 BCE. The common fig is one of the two sacred trees of Islam, and there is a sura in Quran named "The Fig" or At-Tin (سوره تین). In East Asia, figs are important in Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism. The Buddha is traditionally held to have found bodhi (enlightenment) while meditating under a Sacred Fig (F. religiosa).                                

            Ficus Religiosa
Bodhi Tree, Peepal Tree, Sacred Tree/ Ashwathya, The Plaksa tree
In Hindu texts, the Plaksa tree is associated with the source of the Sarasvati River. The Skanda Purana states that the Sarasvati originates from the water pot of Brahma flows from Plaksa on the Himalayas. According to Vamana Purana 32.1-4, the Sarasvati was rising from the Plaksa tree (Pipal tree).
This sacred tree is found throughout india and also cultivated.
Medicinal uses:
Ficus religiosa is used in traditional medicine for about 50 types of disorders including asthma, diabetes, diarrhea, epilepsy, gastric problems, inflammatory disorders, infectious and sexual disorders. Peepal tree is of great medicinal value.

The bark is cooling and astringent and is useful in inflammations and glandular swellings of neck. An infusion or decoction of the bark is used with some honey for the treatment of gonorrhoea, ulcers, skin diseases and scabies. Its power bark has been used to heal the wounds for years.

Root bark is good for stomatitis, clean ulcers and it is astringent in leucorrhoea and promotes granulations. According to Unani system of medicine, root, bark is aphrodisiac and also good for lumbago.

Roots are said to be good for gout. The roots are chewed to prevent gum disease.

The fruit is laxative, promotes digestion, aphrodisiac and checks vomiting. Ripe fruits are alexipharmic (an antidote or defensive remedy against poison, venom or infection), are good for foul taste, thirst and heart disease. The powdered fruit is taken for asthma.
The seeds are cooling, laxative and refrigerant. Seeds are useful in urinary troubles.
The leaves. A study shows that the leaves of Ficus religiosa shows significant antioxidant, wound healing and anti-inflammatory activity with a strong antibacterial activity.
Its leaves serve as a wonderful laxative as well as tonic for the body. For constipation problem, there can be no better remedy than the consumption of leaves of Peepal. Dry the Peepal leaves in sun and powder them. Add a solution of jaggery and anise to it. Mix it with water and consume it. This concoction will ensure proper bowel movement. It is especially useful for patients suffering from Jaundice. It helps to control the excessive amount of urine released during jaundice. The leaves of Peepal are highly effective in treating heart disorders. It helps to control the palpitation of heart and thereby combat the cardiac weakness. Ayurveda makes an extensive use of the leaves of peepal due to the numerous benefits it provides.
The Indian basil peepal works wonders in treating dysentery. Prepare a mixture of grinded coriander leaves, peepal leaves and sugar and chew it slowly. The leaf of a peepal plant is also considered valuable in the treatment of various kinds of skin disorders.

Pipal leaves are of great use in getting rid of mumps. All one needs to do to avail the benefits of peepal plant is smear the leaves of Peepal with ghee and then warm it on low flame. After that, bandage it over the swollen inflamed part of the body. It is surely going to provide the patient with a great relief. Even for boils, this remedy will prove to be quite effective. In case of formation of pus, bandaging the leaves of Peepal will ensure that the growth subsides. But, it will give beneficial results only if the problem is in its preliminary stage. This tree of life has also got the medicinal value. The juice of its leaves extracted by holding them near the fire can be used as the ear drop.

Part Used : Bark, Leaves, Tender Shoots, Latex, Seeds, Fruits.

Product offered : Leaves, Seeds,Bark,Fruit
       
           Ficus Benghalensis
                  Bengal fig/ Indian fig/ The Vata Tree 
The Great Banyan (scientific name: Ficus benghalensis, family: Moraceae) tree at the botanical garden, Howrah. The garden was known as ‘East India Company’s Garden’ or the ‘Company Bagan’ or ‘Calcutta Garden’ and later as the ‘Royal Botanic Garden’ which after independence was renamed as the ‘Indian Botanic Garden’ in 1950. It came under the management of the Botanical Survey of India on January 1, 1963. From June 25, 2009 it was renamed as ‘Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden’. Ficus benghalensis, the Indian Banyan, is a large and extensive growing tree of the Indian subcontinent. Ficus benghalensis produces propagating roots which grow downwards as aerial roots. Once these roots reach the ground, they grow into woody trunks that can become indistinguishable from the main trunk.
Ficus means figs and benghalensis pertaining to Bengal. Vata is the Sanskrit for surround or encompass. The Banyan Tree along with Ganga and the Himalayas symbolize the image of India. This tree is venerated and considered to be a symbol of fertility.
This tree is considered sacred in India, and often shelters a little or larger temple underneath, but is offered worship on its own generally too, and especially so on one particular full moon day in summer when the full moon occurs near the last star of the constellation Scorpius but definitely before beginning of Sagittarius. Even apart from the worship, it is one of the most sheltering trees in the heat of the land, with a large and deep shade, and is thus extremely useful for travellers of the old sort - on foot, bicycles or oxcarts, or horse riders - travelling for hours or days; traditionally it was found almost ubiquitously on roads and in village centres, the latter very useful for any formal or informal gathering to be conducted in a cool place or even for any poor person or a traveller to sleep under. The respect for this and other trees of this nature is thus linked both to the use and the worship as sacred.
The giant banyan trees of India are the largest trees in the world, as measured by canopy coverage. In these trees, a network of interconnected stems and branches has grown entirely by vegetative, "branching" propagation. One individual, Thimmamma Marrimanu, in Andhra Pradesh, covers 19,107 square metres, making it the largest single tree by two-dimensional canopy coverage area. This tree is also the world's largest known tree by a related measure, perimeter length, with a distance of 846 metres required to walk around the edge of the canopy. Thimmama Marrimanu is likely also the world's largest tree by three dimensional canopy volume.
Various parts of the plant are considered medicinal: 

Food is often served on Banyan tree leaves. The extracts of the Banyan Tree are used to treat gum and mouth disease. It is also effective in treating dysentery, diarrhea and chronic stomach ailments.The milky juice is externally applied for bruises and as a pain reliever in rheumatism and back pain. It is also used as a remedy for toothache. The leaves are heated and applied as a poultice to abscesses. Banyan Tree leaves also help heal skin abscesses The bark is astringent, while the seeds have a cooling effect. The root bark lowers blood sugar levels. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India recommends using the aerial root in lipid disorders. 

           Banyan in Indian`s sacred mythology
The tree can survive for over a thousand years, carrying along with it a priceless live ecosystem, all its own, that reminds us of the famous pond and its suroundings described in Thoreau's "Walden".
The Banyan tree is indigenous to India and South Asia. It prefers humid air and moist soil, has broad oval leaves and a white latex exudes from the bark when injured.
Vata vriksha is worshipped all over India as a representative of the Trimurthis - Brahma (roots) Vishnu ( bark) and Shiva (branches)). Vishnu is also compared to the seed of the Banyan tree, by our ancient poets, as the entire universe is said to have emanated from him, just as the gigantic Banyan tree originates from a single minute seed.
According to Hindu mythology, contemporary to the birth of human civilization, before grain became the staple food of man, mankind found, in the milk of the Banyan tree, a source of nourishing food.
According to mythology, Savitri, soon after her marriage, had to face the loss of her spouse, as predicted astrologically. When Sathyavaan's spirit was dragged away by Yama, while he was resting, tired and unprotected, under a banyan tree, after he had cut wood for the family fire, Savitri followed Yama, impresssed him with the power of her paativratya and won back her husband fromh him. In honour of this victory of the great sati, a vrata known as Vata-Saavithri-Vrata came into being. On the poornima of the month of Jyeshta, the sumangali fasts and circumambulates the Vata Vriksha praying for her husband's longevity. It is interesting to note, in this context, that the Jains have also included Sati Savithri in their roll-call prayers as one of the satis to whom prayers are to be offered every day.
In addition to the above, the vata vriskha has also the mystic power to stimulate a barren woman overcome her socially ostracising condition. The Banyan Tree is believed to have had its origin in Vasuki's garden. Vasuki is one of the divine Navanaagas or nine snake gods. It may be noted that, in India, the snake is regarded as a symbol of fertility. The tree is said to have been brought to earth by the power of Goddess Amba. Amba wanted it on earth for the benefit of her human progeny. When her battle with Vasuki did not bring victory to her, she invoked Lord Shiva's assistance, and managed to bring the banyan tree to our earth to assure fertility to her human progeny.
                                             


             Ficus Racemosa
  Cluster Fig Tree, Indian Fig Tree or Goolar (Gular) Fig/ Udumbara
This tree is native to Australia, Malesia, South-East Asia and the Indian Subcontinent. It is unusual in that its figs grow on or close to the tree trunk, termed cauliflory. In India the tree and its fruit are called gular in the north and atti in the south. The fruits are a favourite staple of the common Indian macaque. It serves as a food plant for the caterpillars of the butterfly the Two-brand Crow (Euploea sylvester) of northern Australia.
In ancient times both Hindu and Buddhist ascetics on their way to Taxila, (Original name is Taksha Sila) travelling through vast areas of Indian forests used to consume the fruit during their travels. One challenge to vegetarians were the many fig wasps that one finds when opening a gular fig. One way to get rid of them was to break the figs into halves or quarters, discard most of the seeds and then place the figs into the midday sun for an hour. Gular fruit are almost never sold commercially because of this problem.
Health benefits:
Ficus Racemosa is styptic, tonic and useful in the treatment of leucorrhoea, blood disorders, burning sensation. The bark of Audumbar/Oudumbar tree is said to have healing power. In countries like India, the bark is rubbed on a stone with water to make a paste and the paste is applied over the skin which is afflicted by boils or mosquito bites. Allow the paste to dry on the skin and reapply after a few hours. For people whose skin is especially sensitive to insect bites; this is a very simple home remedy.
Ayurvedic properties:
Roots are useful in hydrophobia whereas bark is cooling, galactagogue and good for gynaecological disorders. Fruits are  styptic, tonic and useful in the treatment of leucorrhoea, blood disorders, burning sensation, fatigue, urinary discharges, leprosy, menorrhagia, epistaxis and intestinal worms. According to Unani system of medicine, leaves are good in case of bronchitis whereas fruits are useful in treatment of dry cough, loss of voice, diseases of kidney and spleen. Bark is useful in asthma and piles. Latex is applied externally on chronic infected wounds to alleviate edema, pain and to promote the healing. 

Need to understand the sanctity of this tree and use its parts for medicinal purposes only in urgent cases. 
Much Love & Care.

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